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- Nationwide distributor of power cable accessories
- Supplying the trade for over 30 years
Cable cleats from leading power cable accessories supplier ETS have been installed at The Shetland Gas Plant which came into operation this week.
Even though the Laggan and Tormore vast reserves were discovered over 30 years ago, poor weather conditions have meant that up until now only oil was able to be extracted from the area.
Now Total with its partners have built the production system on the seabed 600m down,140km from land. Gas is taken back to land in one of the world’s longest “tieback” pipe networks to the Shetland plant for treatment. A pipeline carries the gas to the mainland and then into the national gas grid.
Energy To Two Million Homes
The Shetland Gas Plant development is said to be the biggest construction project in the UK since the London Olympics in 2012.
Cleats were specified by Petrofac, the EPC contractor. ETS supplied the cleats through Petrofac’s appointed sub-contractor.
The new plant is capable of delivering energy to two million homes (about 8% of the UK's gas needs) and will handle each day 500 million standard cubic feet of gas.
ETS Major Projects Manager, Matt Taylor, said:
“We were pleased to be chosen as a supply partner for this high profile development at The Shetland Gas Plant. This once again is a reflection of our high quality service that we always strive to deliver.”
ETS have worked closely with cleat manufacturer Ellis on a number of projects across different sectors. In April last year, the partners helped restore power back to the West End after a major underground fire.
Cleats supplied for The Shetland Gas Plant development included:
Vulcan Cable Cleats Emperor Stainless Steel Trefoil Cable Cleats
ETS are leading stockists and distributors of LV, MV and HV power cable accessories and electrical equipment for the utilities markers.
Connect with Matt Taylor on LinkedIn.
Main image by kind permission of the Shetland Times.
Warning tape for underground cable and other ways for reducing risks from buried cables. In urban areas, it is common practice to bury power cables underground. Not only can this help to minimise cable damage during laying, but also it reduces the risk of cables being disturbed in future.
Unfortunately, burying cables can cause issues in its own right. There’s a chance that the cables will inadvertently be struck during later works which could cause a break in electrical supply to the immediate area and, at worse, lead to serious injury and even death.
The HSE have warned the construction industry of the need to be more aware of the dangers of working in the vicinity of live underground services following a number of incidents recently. The Government Department gives guidance on laying underground cables. This includes:
- Planning the work
- Locating and identifying buried services
- Safe excavation
Simple preventative steps of marking where cables are buried can help to protect underground power cables from being accidentally being disturbed.
Warning Tape For Underground Cable
ETS offers a wide range of quality markers and tiles for underground cables. These include tiles with the words “DANGER” printed on the apex and warning tape for underground cable such as the 60micron thick PVC Trace-Tape 1. Its’ two stainless steel wires means that the tape can potentially be found by a cable avoidance tool (CAT). Our underground warning tapes are suitable for marking buried HV, MV and LV electrical power and telecommunication cables.
Taking precautions of marking underground cables can not only reduce disruption but could prevent serious injury or death.
To find out more about our warning tape for underground cable and other buried cables marker solutions, please call: 020 8405 6789 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The HSE guidance for avoiding danger from underground services can be found here.
This video shows what happened when a 11kV cable was cut through.
Leading power cable accessories supplier ETS Cable Components, and cleat manufacturer, Ellis, pulled out all the stops to help restore power back to the West End after a major underground fire.
Thousands of people had to be evacuated and many theatre performances were cancelled when flames started shooting out from an inspection cover in Holborn on Wednesday 1 April.
Over the Easter Bank holiday weekend, there was a major push to restore power as quickly as possible to the central London electricity network. ETS were called to supply Emperor cleats, support brackets and relevant fixings, which would be used to fix the replacement high voltage cables in place. ETS delivered these items within two hours of receiving the call via their emergency weekend phone service.
Cleat manufacturer - Ellis - then agreed to start production at a moment’s notice, despite the Easter shutdown, to provide additional cleats. ETS then made arrangements to have the finished products delivered to the affected area in Central London promptly, despite the logistics involved with various road closures in place. “We pride ourselves on going the extra mile - this is another example of exceptional teamwork,” said Operations Director Kevin Moloney.
ETS have been supplying power cable accessories for more than 25 years across a range of sectors including rail, renewables, industrial and data centres. You can see all of the ETS cable cleats range by clicking here.
For further information call: +44 (0)20 8405 6789 or email: email@example.com
Centaur cable saddles and accessories manufactured by Ellis have begun to be installed in National Grid’s London Power Tunnels project.
The cable saddles, which are being used to secure high voltage (HV) cables throughout 32km of tunnels under London, were specified in 2012 in a record £1.5million order for the Yorkshire-based cable cleat manufacturer.
Richard Shaw, managing director of Ellis, said: “While it’s always great to secure a new specification, especially such a large one, it’s even more rewarding seeing the product installed and being used for the purpose for which it was designed.”
In the case of the London Power Tunnels, Ellis secured the specification from Südkabel – the German manufacturers of the cables being installed in the National Grid tunnels – as a result of a design that saw them deliver a product that overcame a serious safety issue surrounding the restraint of HV cables up to 400kV with a diameter range of 100 to 160mm.
HV Cleating Standards
“At the time we designed Centaur neither the British nor European Standards took into account cleats on HV cables of this size,” explained Richard. “This meant those specifying for such jobs were very much in the hands of the manufacturers, who in most cases simply provided warranties for their products.”
“The problem with this was that none of the products available had been short circuit tested, and so the warranties were based purely on calculations and mechanical tests. As such there was no proof the saddle cleats being used would withstand the most testing elements of the job they’d been specified for.”
Before launch, Ellis put its new heavy-duty extruded aluminium product through the most rigorous of testing procedures. Using cable manufactured by ABB in Sweden, the company shipped the Centaur cable saddles and ABB cable to the Netherlands where they were tested to 163 kA peak and 63 kA RMS for one second, in both 3 phase and phase to phase fault scenarios.
“We invested well over £100,000 in designing, developing, testing and bringing Centaur to market,” added Richard. “At the time this was the largest amount we’d ever invested in one new product, but we did so with confidence that it had the potential to solve a major safety issue and fill a gap in a growing market sector – a confidence that was quickly proven to be well-placed.”
ETS Cable Components are UK distributors of Ellis cable cleats, for more information on the Centaur range or to place a quote, please contact our Sales Team.
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Held at Earls Courts 2, the annual InfraRail exhibition opens it’s doors to the railway infrastructure industry on 20th May. Providing a unique opportunity for the rail market to connection in one place, against a backdrop of business generation, discussion and innovation.
Featuring a myriad of exhibitors, product demonstrations, keynote speakers and seminars, if you have any industry in the rail industry, you’ll be spoilt for choice. With so much going on it can be hard to decide who to see, where to be and when to be there.
Therefore, we’ve picked out where our suppliers will be exhibiting so you can easily find them when at the exhibition.
Achilles Information - Stand D22
Achilles works on behalf of buying organisations to collect, validate and maintain essential data about suppliers. Achilles Link-up is the UK rail industry supplier registration and qualification scheme used extensively by procurement, engineering, safety and quality professionals to source and manage suppliers in an EU compliant way. ETS are a registered memeber of the Link-Up scheme.
Cembre – Stand D51
Cembre, the electrical connection and tooling specialist can be found at Stand D51. They will be showing off their rail & sleeper drills, impact wrenches, trolleys and pandrol clip machines, electrical connection and tooling systems.
Flexicon – Stand E46
A market leading UK manufacturer of both metallic and non-metallic cable protection solutions. Common uses of Flexicon flexible conduits include protection of critical power and data cables in rolling stock and infrastructure applications. All Flexicon’s products are tested and approved to the latest standards.
Hellermann Tyton – Stand B27
Hellermann Tyton, a leading manufacturer of fastening, fixing and cable protection components, will be using InfraRail as a showcase for their ability to provide cable management solutions for the rail industry.
Lucy Zodion – Stand F51
Lucy Zodion is a leader in the design and manufacturer of pre-wired and customised feeder pillers and distribution panels to the UK rail industry. Suitable to withstand a variety of hostile climatic conditions for extended periods of time, virtually maintenance free.
Pfisterer – Stand F61
A leading name in electrical engineering, Pfisterer’s product range includes electrification equipment, switchgear equipment, connectors and trackside power supply equipment.
If you're yet to register for your ticket you can do so here for free, pre-registering allows you to save £20 compared to buying a ticket on the door.
The Oil and Gas industry spends millions of pounds every year to ensure the very highest levels of health and safety are met, therefore it would seem extremely remiss if a significant aspect was frequently neglected, as with the case of cable cleats.
The key issue surrounding cleats and their use in this type of environment is that their importance is frequently underestimated. Therefore, instead of being treated as a vital element of any cable management installation they are frequently lumped in with the electrical sundries.
What this means in practice is that even if suitable products are specified, they are still seen as fair game for cost-cutting when it comes to companies seeking to keep within tight budgets. And this practice, if allowed to continue unchecked, could lead to the wholly unnecessary loss of a life.
There is absolutely no doubt that by eradicating this practice this danger can be drastically reduced, but the big picture also needs to be addressed to ensure consistence practice across the board. The only way of achieving this is by educating contractors, specifiers - in fact, the offshore industry as a whole - as to the true importance of cable cleats. And to do this, we need to go back to basics.
In a nutshell, for any electrical installation to be deemed safe, cables need to be restrained in a manner that can withstand the forces they generate, including those generated during a short circuit. And this is exactly what cable cleats are designed to do. Without them, the dangers are obvious. Costly damage to cables and/or cable management systems, plus the risk to life posed by incorrectly or poorly restrained live cables.
Manufacturer Driven Market
One of the major contributing factors behind the current, and somewhat confused situation, is that although cable cleats are recognised by industry regulators, having their own European standard (EN50368) and an International one (IEC61914 Ed. 1) expected soon, these are simply advisory guidelines rather than obligatory regulations.
With no golden guideline to follow, the market is very much manufacturer driven. Different companies manufacture to different standards and so the market is something of a mish-mash of products of varying quality. Add to this the facts that the majority of cleats are manufactured as add-ons by companies that specialise in other areas, and that some of today's cleats are not even short-circuit tested prior to being put into production, and it is easy to see why their importance isn't fully understood, let alone appreciated.
In the long-term the whole situation needs to be resolved through a process of education and agreement involving manufacturers, regulators, specifiers, contractors and installers. But, what of the short-term? What should be being done in order to ensure corners are not cut and safety sacrificed when it comes to cable cleats? To answer this, installations need to be split into two categories - new and old.
New Installations vs Old Installations
In the case of new installations, the process needs to begin during the design stages. Ideally, this would commence with the forces between cables being calculated so as to ascertain the type and strength of the cleat required. A number of other factors then need to be taken into account, including physical performance, mounting surface and the environment in which the installation will be situated. Only when this has all been tested and measured can the designer be confident of specifying the correct cleat for the installation.
Old installations meanwhile pose a completely different set of problems. Many will have been installed before the introduction of any related standards, while those that came later may still not be suitable. Therefore, it's advisable to review all cabling in such installations to ensure it is safely restrained in relation to today's requirements.
Understanding the need for cleats and the processes involved in their correct specification is though only half the story. Cleats themselves come in a variety of sizes and types and it's important to understand this variation in order to ensure they are correctly chosen.
Third Part Certification for Cable Cleats
Perhaps the simplest way of doing this is by ensuring the product comes with suitable third party certification that it can withstand the forces it claims to - this would come in the form of a short circuit testing certificate.
Additionally, levels of cable protection can be enhanced by selecting products with Cat 2 passes rather than Cat 1. What this means, is that the cable would be guaranteed to still be intact and operable after a short circuit, as opposed to just the cleat.
If you look at this prescribed course of action from a budgeting point of view, it is fair to say that certain initial costs would be increased. But if you consider the kind of sums involved, in terms of time, materials and manpower, in replacing an entire cable management system due to a short circuit occurring and causing irreparable damage it's easy to see the point of the additional expense.
And, finally, when you also take in account the effects of improving health and safety levels, there surely can be no argument against ensuring correct cleating practice?
As UK distributors of Ellis Patents cable cleats, we have a range of cleats that are used extensively in offshore environments, all of which are comprehensively tested and certified prior to sale. Please contact us for details.
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The world’s leading cable cleat manufacturer, Ellis has underlined the reason for its industry standing by designing an entirely new product in response to a cabling requirement from one of the biggest names in global business, Siemens.
The product is a two-in-one cable guide and clamp that was developed by Ellis following a call to assist in the installation, and subsequent restraining, of seven large diameter high voltage (HV) cables for an offshore electrical substation that forms part of the multi-million pound HelWin 2 project.
“The requirement was to feed seven 117mm diameter cables along a specified route within a fabricated structure, which featured a significant number of twists and turns,” said Ellis’ managing director, Richard Shaw.
“The problem though was that there was no existing product that would enable the cables to be installed in an efficient, safe and cost-effective manner.”
The Ellis team, which had previously developed a roller-system for installation of HV cables in power tunnels, took stock of the situation and set to work developing a solution that would secure the Siemens specification, and see them become the first company in the world to offer a two-in-one cable guide and clamp.
“Within six weeks of the initial meeting, Siemens had approved our new product design, two weeks later five working prototypes successfully passed an installation trial in Germany and less than a month after that we’d received the order and had the tooling ready for mass production,” added Richard.
Ellis’ new cable guide and clamp works in two stages. Firstly the cables are guided by it into their final location, while trumpeted entry and exit points ensure the cable is not damaged when fed through particularly sharp angled turns. Once the cable is laid correctly, the top half of the clamp is removed, a fixing piece installed directly onto the cable and the top half re-secured, thus turning the guide into a fully-functioning HV cable clamp.
“We have always taken great pride in our ability to innovate, but to be asked to do so in a live project situation was certainly a real test of our mettle,” continued Richard.
“To come through such a test with Siemens problem solved, the specification secured and an entirely new product range on the verge of being launched is the kind of result that even I, at my most optimistic, wouldn’t have predicted when we sat in that first meeting looking at the requirements of the project.”
HelWin 2 is a 690MW offshore HVDC platform that provides low-loss transmission between the North Sea offshore wind farm, Amrumbank West and Germany’s onshore grid. It is due to be operational in 2015.
Ellis' new range of two-in-one cable guides and clamps will be launched in spring 2014.
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To celebrate our 25 years of service to the electrical industry, we've picked 25 of the most interesting, impressive and astonishing building and infrastructure projects from around the world, that were not here when we started business.
We've witnessed some amazing mega-projects and feat of engineering in the past quarter of a century. As a company, we've been lucky enough to supply products to some of these projects, including The Channel Tunnel, Hong Kong International Airport, London Olympic Park and The Shard, helping to create engineering history.
Rungnado May Day Stadium
1989 - North Korea
Completed on 1st May 1989, the Rungnado May Day Stadium is regarded as the largest stadium in the world with a staggering capacity of 150,000.Said to resemble a magnolia blossom, the exact details behind the construction and costs of the stadium are not known, due to the secretive nature of the North Korean Government.
1994 - UK/France
The Channel Tunnel, also known as the 'Chunnel' or Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), is a 3.14 mile undersea rail tunnel linking Folkstone, Kent with Coquelles, near Calais. The tunnel posses the longest undersea portion of any tunnel in the world with 23.5 miles being underwater.Breaking through the final pieces of rock on 1st December 1990, it is the first time the UK and mainland Europe has been linked in the Ice Age.
Kansai International Airport (KIX)
1994 - Japan
Designed to relieve overcrowding at the Osaka Airport, which could not be expanded due to the densely populated surrounding suburbs, the decision was made to build the airport on an artificial island.When built, Kansai airport became the first airport to be built on a man-made island. Not only was it a world first, but due to the high risk of earthquakes and typhoons, engineers had to come up with innovative preventative solutions, such as sliding joints.Not surprisingly the KIX airport was included in the “Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium” award by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
Petronius Oil Platform
1997 - Gulf Of Mexico
The Petronius is a deepwater compliant tower oil platform located 210km southeast of New Orleans, USA, operated by Chevron Corporation and Marathon Oil.It holds the record for the tallest oil-rig structure and was recognised as the tallest freestanding structure in the world until it was beaten by the Burj Khalifa in 2010 – Although this was debated as only 75 metres of the platform was above water.
Hong Kong International Airport
1998 - Hong Kong
Commercially operational since 1998 and costing $20 billion, the airport is currently the world's busiest cargo gateway and is one of the world's busiest passenger airports.Similar to Kansai airport, Hong Kong international was built on an artificial island formed by levelling two neighbouring islands and reclaiming 9.38km2 of seabed. Covering 12.48km2 it increased Hong Kong's total surface area by 1%.
Akashi Kaikyo Bridge
1998 - Japan
Costing around 500 million yen (£32 million), the Akashi Kaikyo bridge has the longest central span of any suspension bridge in the world at 1,991 metres. Due to the high risk of typhoons and earthquakes the bridge is designed to withstand wind of 178 mph and earthquakes measuring 8.5 on the Richter Scale.
Shoabia Power and Desalination Plant
2001 - Saudi Arabia
Costing $850 million to build and with a installed capacity of 5,600 MW, the Shoabia plant is one of the world's largest oil-fired CCGT power plant and the world's third largest integrated water and power plants.
High Speed 1
2003 - UK
Often called High Speed 1, HS1 or Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), this high speed rail line stretches 67 miles between London and the UK side of the channel tunnel in Kent. Trains are able to reach speeds of up to 186mph on section 1 and 140mph on section two.HS1 was the first introduction of high-speed rail to the UK and with the much debated HS2 in the pipeline it might not be the last.
2003 - UK/Norway
The Langeled Pipeline, originally known as Britpipe, is an underwater pipeline which runs 725 miles from Nyhamna to Easington, transporting Norwegian natural gas to the UK.Apart from the obvious issues of laying a subsea pipeline, engineers had to take into account the subzero temperatures of the ocean floor as well as the proposed route of the pipe being home to some of the stormiest waters and strongest currents on the planet.From it's opening, up until October 2011, the pipeline was the longest subsea pipeline in the world until it was surpassed by the Nord Stream pipe. Costing £1.7 billion the pipeline is responsible to transporting 20% of Britain's peak gas demand.
2004 - France
Arguably one of the most striking projects from the list, the unmistakable Millau Viaduct is often considered one of the greatest engineering achievements of all time.Spanning the valley of the River Tarn, Southern France, one of the bridges masts stands at 343 metres above the base of the structure, 19 metres taller than the Eiffel Tower, making it the tallest bridge in the world. The Millau viaduct also holds the record for the highest road bridge deck in Europe.
2004 - Taiwan
The iconic design of the Taipai 101 skyscraper makes it easily recognisable and commonly used within travel literature and international media.However aside from the striking shape, Taipei 101 was the first building to break the half kilometre in height mark and was officially ranked as the worlds tallest building until it was surpassed by the Burj Khalifa.Taipai 101 also features great green credentials by being awarded the LEED platinum certification, the highest award in the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. Making it the largest and tallest 'green' building in the world.
2006 - Dubai, UAE
Dubai is known throughout the world as having some of the most impressive construction projects in recent history, the Palm Jumeriah one of these. More than just an artificial island, The Palm is an artificial archipelago and is the smallest of three planned islands called 'Palm Islands' consisting of the Palm Jumeriah, Palm Jebel Ali and Palm Deira.Shaped, unsurprisingly like a palm tree, the Jumeriah Palm is currently the largest artificial island in the world.
Central Artery/Tunnel Project (CA/T)
2007 - United States
Also known as the 'Big Dig', Boston's Central Artery/Tunnel Project is a megaproject that rerouted Interstate 93 into a 3.5 mile tunnel. The CA/T project is the most expensive highway project in the US and took over 25 years, from planning to opening, costing $14.6 billion, almost 200% more than originally planned.
Heathrow Terminal 5
2008 - UK
Opened in 2008, T5 is the largest free-standing structure within the UK and is designed to handle 35 million passengers per year. However the most impressive features of the Terminal are not in the building itself but in its integration of technology and self-service.With almost 100 self-service check-in kiosks, 90 check-in fast bag drops and a fleet of battery powered driverless 'pods' that ferry passengers along dedicated guideways. Terminal 5 is a vision for the future of airport terminals.
2010 - Dubai, UAE
No list of feats of engineering would be complete without mentioning the ground-breaking Burj Khalifa. Opening at the start of 2010, the skyscraper was conceived due to the desire for the Dubai economy to move away from an oil based economy to one focusing on tourism, and iconic projects like this were needed to build international recognition of the region.Currently standing as the worlds-tallest man-made structure at 829.8m beating it's nearest competitor the KVLY TV mast by 201m, the tower has a whole host of other world records and awards, it truly is an iconic project and a testament to construction and engineering.
Alta Wind Energy Centre
2010 - United States
The Alta wind farm is located in the Tehachapi Mountains is California, with an installed capacity of 1,320 MW it is the largest wind farm in the world. This is set to double to 3,000 MW due to a power purchase agreement with Southern California Edison. The project will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by more than 5.2 million metric tons, which is the equivalent of taking over 400,000 cars of the road.
Beijing - Shanghai High Speed Railway
2011 - China
Connecting two major economic zones within China, the Beijing-Shanghai railway is the longest high-speed railway ever constructed in a single phase. With a maximum speed of 186mph, the 811 mile journey takes 4 hours, 48 minutes to complete, compared to 9 hours, 49 minutes on the parallel conventional railway.The $32 billion high speed line also features the Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge and the Tianjin Grand Bridge which hold the record for the longest and second longest bridges in the world respectively.
Auga Caliente Solar Project
2011 - United States
First commissioned in 2011, the Auga Caliente Solar Project is due to completed in 2014, when it will reach an installed capacity of 397 MW. Currently with 250 MW connected to the grid, it is the largest operational photovoltaic power plant in the world.The PV power plant is largest enough to power 100,000 average American homes.
2011 - Abu Dhabi, UAE
Capital Gate in Abu Dhabi is a skyscraper designed with a striking 18 degree lean. Standing at 160 metres tall, the unmistakable building holds the world record for the furthest leaning man-made tower, more than 4 times that of the Leaning Tower of Pisa.The immense gravitational pull caused by the 18 degree incline is countered by the steel reinforced concrete core being built slightly off centre, a technology called a 'Pre-cambered core'. The structure is also anchored to the ground by 490 piles which are each drilled between 20 and 30 metres into the ground.
Three Gorges Dam
2012 - China
The Three Gorges is a hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River in China. It is the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity with 22,500 MW. The dam itself stands 600 foot high and holds a massive 1.4 trillion cubic feet of water behind 100 million cubic feet of concrete.Although the dam caused a significant ecological changes, the Chinese Government regard the megaproject as a historic engineering, social and economic success, due to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and development of state of the art turbines.
2012 - Japan
The Skytree is a broadcasting, restaurant and observation tower in Tokyo, Japan. Building work was completed on the tower in 2012, topping out at 634m making it the world tallest tower and the second tallest structure after the Burj Khalifa.Due to Japan's susceptibility to earthquakes, the tower had to include seismic proofing. For the Tokyo Skytree this comes in the form of the internal pillar is attached to the tower frame with oil dampers, which act as cushions during an earthquake, absorbing up to 50% of the energy from an earthquake.
2012 - UK
Also known as Shard of Glass or Shard London Bridge, The Shard is a 87 storey, 306 metre skyscraper in London. It is the tallest building in the European Union and is the second tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom.Featuring 11,000 panes of glass with a surface area of 56,000 square metres, The Shard features a sophisticated use of glazing with expressive facades of angled glass panes, intended to reflect the sky so the appearance of the building changes according to the weather and seasons.
London Olympic Park
2012 - UK
Built for the 2012 Olympic Games, the Stratford area of London was regenerated into the largest urban park built within Europe for 150 years.Engineering highlights include the aquatics centre, which was designed with removable 'wings' to accomodate the spectators during the games, but could be removed to reduce the capacity to 2,500 once the event had finished.Over 130km of power cables were laid in 6km of tunnels to power the park.
2013 - UK
Located in the Thames Estuary, the London Array is the world largest offshore wind farm with a nameplate capacity of 1000 MW.Costing £1.8 billion, the site consists of 341 3.6 MW turbines, two offshore substations, connected together with 130 miles of 33kV array cables, with the substations connected to mainland Britain by four 150kV subsea export cables.
New Century Global Centre
2013 - China
The most recent project on the list, bringing us into 2013, the New Century Global Centre in Chengdu, China is recognised as the world's largest freestanding building, capable of fitting 20 Sydney Opera Houses inside.With an astonishing 19 million sq. ft of usable space, the global centre contains shopping centres, water park, ice skating rink, a Mediterranean village and multiple hotels with a floor plan almost the size of Monaco.
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